- Sustainable transport policies and infrastructure projects supported by a national urban transport programme towards the reduction of greenhoouse gas emission
- Technical assistance and capacity development towards the development of bus rapid transit corridors as a backbone for sustainable urban mobility system
In 2009, the Government of Indonesia committed to a 26% greenhouse gas reduction by 2020 from ‘business as usual’ baseline levels, and to 41% with international support. Transport is the third largest source of energy-related CO2 emissions in Indonesia (23%; equivalent to 68 Mt CO2-eq in 2005). Due to strong urbanisation and motorisation trends, transport has become a significant challenge for cities in Indonesia. Its car-oriented development is exacerbating air pollution, creating massive congestion and decreasing the quality of life. However, most cities have lack capacity, policy guidance and access to sufficient financial resources to develop sustainable urban transport systems.
To safeguard urban development, to create urban liveability and to provide the preconditions for economic prosperity, integrated sustainable transport solutions need to be developed, including convenient and affordable public transport and improved infrastructure facilities for pedestrians and cyclists, targeting at reduced energy consumption and CO2 emissions. This needs to be supported by establishment of a clear national urban transport policy, a further development of financing structures for large investments in public transport infrastructure, a redefinition of the role of transport planning agencies and their responsibilities, as well as further optimized public transport regulation and operation of urban transport systems. A new understanding of integrated urban development and mobility planning, presumably through establishment of Urban Mobility Plans for cities and agglomerations, to be jointly developed with stakeholder involvement needs to be sought.
To follow the above overarching goals, SUTRI NAMA shall actively assist the Government of Indonesia to pursue the establishment of a National Urban Transport Policy for Indonesia, in order to stipulate a mutual understanding between relevant national ministries about the future development path of urban transport in Indonesia and the responsibilities and processes involved.
Field of intervention
- Transport Demand Management
- Non motorized transport
- Public transport
- Bus rapid transit
- Angkot reform
- Sustainable financing
- Data, Indicators & MRV
- At national level, SUTRI NAMA and INDOBUS support the development of national urban transport policy and regulatory framework for the implementation of sustainable urban transport. Policy advice will cover aspects such as urban mobility planning, transport planning and simulation, promotion of integrated BRT systems and guidelines on the operation and financing of public transport and particularly BRTs.
- At local level, SUTRI NAMA and INDOBUS support the implementation and pilot testing of sustainable urban transport measures, sustainable financing and construction of bus rapid transit corridor as backbone for urban mobility system as well as MRV system and database development.
- Establishment of Technical Support Unit at the Ministry of Transportation providing local governments with technical guidance and capacity development for the preparation and implementation of public transport projects and transport demand management
- Development of funding mechanism to support public transport projects and transport demand management (TDM)
- Development of pipeline of public transport and transport demand management projects
- Demonstration projects evidencing improved public transport and transport demand management that serve as good practice for replication
- Assistance to pilot cities for the implementation of fully pledged Bus Rapid Transit Systems (BRT) in up to five Indonesian pilot cities Support Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) for urban land transport
- Capacity building and training
Knowledge Product / Innovations
January 2017 - December 2022