In a groundbreaking collaboration, the Urban-Act project, funded by the International Climate Initiative (IKI) under the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action (BMWK), joined forces with BMZ’s Trico Fund project to host an Indonesian delegation in China. Following a joint training in Indonesia held in August 2023, the six-day study trip from 10-15 September aimed to showcase China’s knowledge and firsthand experiences on climate-friendly urban planning, with a specific emphasis on low carbon transport.
Indonesia, a country known for its vibrant culture and lush landscapes, is also the world’s fourth most populous nation and one of the top greenhouse gas emitters. The transportation sector, closely intertwined with urbanization and economic development, stands as the second-largest source of emissions in Indonesia. With rapid urbanization and urban growth, the decarbonization of the transportation sector becomes crucial.
China, now the world’s second-most populous country and the largest greenhouse gas emitter, has committed to ambitious climate goals, including achieving carbon neutrality by 2060. To fulfill these ambitious goals, China has embarked on low-carbon urban planning, with cities like Shenzhen and Guangzhou leading the way in sustainable urban development.
The Indonesian delegation, comprising 16 members from the city governments of Medan, Padang, and Semarang, along with representatives from United Cities and Local Governments Asia-Pacific (UCLG ASPAC), GIZ Indonesia and the Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR) in Jakarta, visited three well-developed cities in the South of China.
Their first stop was Xiamen, where they had exchanges with the Xiamen Natural Resources Bureau to gain insights into integrated transportation planning. They also experienced the bus rapid transit (BRT) system, an innovative enclosed elevated BRT system and the elevated urban greenway, a harmonious blend of environmental protection and eco-tourism.
The delegation’s next stop was the electrifying city of Shenzhen, renowned for fully electrified public transportation and taxi fleets. Here the delegation visited the Shenzhen Bus Group to learn more about the intelligent operation and management of new energy public buses. They also met with Streamax Technology Co., Ltd. to exchange ideas on technologies and applications that enhance the efficiency and safety of public bus transportation operations.
The final destination was Guangzhou, boasted the world’s largest Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) network. The delegation experienced how the BRT system seamlessly integrated with metro stations and commercial buildings. They also explored the latest battery technologies for Chinese NEV passenger vehicles at the GAC Trumpchi plant.
Throughout their journey, the delegation engaged in effective exchange with local government departments, institutions, and enterprises, building networks with these local entities. The good practices and experiences from China will undoubtedly serve as a good reference for Indonesia on its journey towards a greener and more eco-friendly transportation sector.
The Urban-Act project and the Trico Fund project’s joint efforts amplified the study tour’s impact, opening doors to future collaborations between China, Indonesia, and Germany. This collaborative initiative also stands as an example of countries uniting in the pursuit of sustainable and low-carbon development.